FCI Breed Standard which includes Ireland

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GENERAL APPEARANCE 

Active, compact, short coupled and squarely built dog of medium size. 

Wrinkles over skull and withers, small ears and « hippopotamus » muzzle impart to the Shar Pei a unique look. 

 Dogs larger and more powerful than bitches.

 

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

The height of the Shar Pei from withers to ground is approximately equal to the length of the body,

from point of shoulder to point of buttock, especially in males. 

 The length from nose to stop is approximately equal to the length from stop to occiput.

 

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

Calm, independent, loyal, affectionate to his family.

 

HEAD

Rather large in proportion to body.  Wrinkles on forehead and cheeks continuing to form dewlap.

CRANIAL REGION :

Skull : Flat, broad.

Stop : Moderate.

 

FACIAL REGION :

Nose : Large and wide, preferably black, but any colour conforming to general coat colour permissible.  Wide opened nostrils.

Muzzle : A distinctive feature of the breed.  Broad from root to tip of nose with no suggestion of tapering.  Lips and top of muzzle well padded. 

Bulge at the base of the nose permissible.

Mouth  : Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews : bluish black is preferred.  Pink spotted tongue permissible. 

Solid pink tongue highly undesirable.  In dilute-coloured dogs the tongue is solid lavender.

Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong with a perfect scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.  Padding of lower lip should not be so excessive as to interfere with the bite.

Eyes : Dark, almond-shaped with a scowling expression.  Lighter colour permissible in dilute-coloured dogs.

Function of eyeball or lid in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. 

Any sign of irritation of eyeball, conjunctiva or eyelids highly undesirable.  Free from entropion.

Ears : Very small, rather thick, equilaterally triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tip and set high on the skull with tips pointing towards eyes;

set well forward over eyes, wide apart and close to skull.  Pricked ears highly undesirable.

 

NECK : Medium length, strong, set well on shoulders.  The loose skin under the neck should not be excessive.

 

BODY : Folds of skin on body in mature dogs highly undesirable except on withers and base of tail, which show moderate wrinkling.

Topline : Dips slightly behind withers; then it rises slightly over loin.

Back : Short, strong.

 

Loin : Short, broad, slightly arched.

Croup : Rather flat.

Chest : Broad and deep, brisket reaching the elbow.

Underline : Rises slightly under the loin.

 

TAIL : Thick and round at the root, tapering to a fine point.  The tail is set very high, a characteristic feature of the breed.  May be carried high and curved, carried in tight curl or curved over or to either side of the back.  Lack of or incomplete tail highly undesirable.

 

LIMBS

 

FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs straight, moderate length, good bone.  The skin on forelegs shows no wrinkle.

Shoulders : Muscular, well laid and sloping.

Metacarpus (Pastern) : Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.

 

HINDQUARTERS : Muscular, strong, moderately angulated, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other when viewed from the rear.  Wrinkles on upper thighs, lower thighs, rear pasterns as well as the thickening of the skin on hocks undesirable.

Hocks  :  Well let down.

 

FEET : Moderate size, compact, not splayed.  Toes well knuckled.  Hindfeet free from dewclaws.

 

GAIT / MOVEMENT  : The preferred gait is trot.  The gait is free, balanced, active with good forward reach and strong drive from the hindquarters. 

The feet tend to converge to a center line when the speed increases.  Stilted gait undesirable.

 

COAT

 

HAIR : A distinctive feature of the breed : short, harsh and bristly.  The coat is straight and offstanding on the body, but generally flatter on the limbs.  No undercoat.  The coat may vary in length from 1 cm to 2,5 cm.  Never trimmed. 

 

COLOUR : All solid colours acceptable except white.  Tail and rear part of thighs frequently of a lighter colour. 

 Darker shading down the back and on the ears permissible.

 

SIZE :

Height : 44 - 51 cm at withers (17,5 - 20 ins).

 

FAULTS : Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

 

SERIOUS FAULTS :

·      Deviation from a scissor bite (as a transitory measure, a very slightly overshot mouth is permissible).

·      Snipy muzzle.

·      Spotted tongue (except pink spotted tongue).

·      Large ears.

·      Low set tail.

·      Coat longer than 2,5 cm.

 

ELIMINATING FAULTS :

·      Aggresive or overly shy.

·      Flat foreface with badly overshot bite; undershot bite.

·      Solid pink tongue.

·      Lower lip rolled in, interfering with the bite.

·      Round, bulging eye.  Entropion, ectropion.

·      Skin, folds or hair disturbing the normal function of the eye.

·      Pricked ears.

·      Absence of tail; stumpy tail.

·      Heavy folds of skin on body (except withers and base of tail) and limbs.

·      Not a solid colour (albino, brindle, patches, spots, black and tan, saddled pattern).

 

Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.

 

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

REMARK : Any artificial physical alteration to the Shar Pei (in particular lips and eyelids) eliminates the dog from competition

Breed Standard - KC January 2009

General Appearance
Alert, active, compact, short-coupled, squarely built. Dogs larger and more powerful than bitches.

Characteristics

Relatively loose skin, frowning expression, harsh bristly coat.

Temperament
Calm, independent, very affectionate, and devoted to people.

Head and Skull
Relatively large but not disproportionate to the body, skull flat, broad, moderate stop. Length from nose to stop approximately equal to length from stop to occiput. Moderate wrinkle on forehead and cheeks. Muzzle moderately broad and full with no suggestion of tapering. The lips and top of muzzle may be slightly padded. When viewed from front, bottom jaw appears wider than top. Nose large, wide, preferably black but any colour conforming to general coat colour permissible.

Eyes
Dark, medium size, almond-shaped with frowning expression. Amber and lighter colours permissible in paler shades. Function of eyeball or lid in no way disturbed by surrounding skin, folds or hair. Any sign of irritation of eyeball, conjunctiva or eyelids highly undesirable. Free from entropion.

Ears
Very small, rather thick, equilaterally triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tip, and set high on the skull with tips pointing towards eyes, set well forward over eyes, wide apart and close to skull. Pricked ears highly undesirable.

Mouth
Tongue, roof of mouth, gums and flews: solid bluish-black is preferred. Solid pink tongue undesirable. Dogs with self-coloured pigment and amber or light brown eyes would be expected to have a lavender tongue. Teeth strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Padding of lower lip should not be so excessive so as to interfere with the bite.

Neck
Medium length, strong, full; set well on shoulders, with some loose skin under neck permitted, but this should not be excessive.

Forequarters
Shoulders muscular, well laid and sloping. Elbows close to the body. Forelegs straight, moderate length, good bone; pasterns slightly sloping, strong and flexible.  Forelegs completely wrinkle free when mature.

Body
Height at withers approximately equal to the length from point of shoulders to point of buttock. Depth of brisket approximately half of height at withers. Chest broad and deep, underline rising slightly under loin; back short, strong. Topline dips slightly behind withers then rises over short, broad loin. Adult dogs should display moderate wrinkling over shoulders and base of tail. Excessive skin on body when mature highly undesirable.

Hindquarters
Muscular, strong; moderately angulated; hocks well let down without excessive wrinkling or thickening.

Feet
Moderate size, compact, toes well knuckled.

Tail
Rounded, narrowing to fine point, base set very high. May be carried high and curved, carried in tight curl, or curved over. Lack of, or incomplete, tail highly undesirable.

Gait/Movement
Free, vigorous and balanced, rear single tracking is normal at a fast trot, stilted gait undesirable.

Coat
Extremely harsh coat straight and off-standing on the body but flatter on the limbs. No undercoat. Length varies from short and bristly, under half an inch (1.25cm) or longer and thicker, between half an inch (1.25cm) and one inch (2.5cm), but still off-standing and harsh to the touch. N.B: no particular coat length within the accepted length should be preferred above the other. Never trimmed.

Colour
All Solid colours except white are acceptable. Frequently shaded on tail and back of thighs with lighter colour.

Size
Height: 46-51 cms (18-20 ins) at withers.

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Last Updated - January 2009